Vegetation in Ethiopia


combination of tree and small shrubs

Ethiopia has an altitude range from 120m below sea level at Dalol to 4,533m ASL at Ras Dashen. This variation in altitude has created an environment suitable for supporting diversity in vegetation.

It is possible to experience desert plants at an altitude up to 500m ASL.

An altitude between 500 and 1,000m ASL supports forests in western Ethiopia and common trees are Acacia Euphorbia SCRUBLA and WAD in Semi-Desert.

At an altitude range around 1,000m ASL and above is a place for an open Acacia woodland and also Acacia savanna.

An elevation around 1,500m ASL and above is where the dense forests of Ethiopia exist. This is the area for broad-leaved forest.



From an altitude range around 2,000 up to 3,000m ASL the following types of vegetation are observed: Rosa abyssinica, Tree Euphorbia with fern, Drynaria, Juniper forest with Grassy Meadow, Canarina and fern growing on Podocarpus-zigba. Aloe also grows on escarpments.

At an altitude from 3,000 to around 3,500m ASL is a place where the subalpine forest of Ethiopia exists. Erica arborea Tree Heather, Hagenia abyssinica - Kosso, and Hypericum sp - Tree St. John's wort are among the vegetation at this altitude.

At the pick, from 4,000m ASL to the pick on Mt. Ras Dashen is the Afro-alpine vegetation with Helichrysum sp. everlasting flower and Giant Lobelia sp. in Alpine Meadows.


tree and grass

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