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Weaving Instruments Used to Make Ethiopian Fabrics

A man weaving

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Shimena:


weaving is done traditionally to make all types of beautiful Ethiopian traditional clothes. The final cloth produced depends on the choice of threads used, color of threads and also choice of pattern. Weaving equipment is operated by a single person at a time. There are different parts (components) of this equipment. One part is through from side to side by hand. It is called "Mewerweria". There is also another part which needs to be moved up and down alternatively to interweave the threads, this is operated by foot. That is how a fabric is made in Ethiopia in a traditional way. There are different setups of this weaving equipment. Currently a convenient version of the equipments is also being introduced, because of the growing demand of the fabrics.

Inzirt (hand-spinning)

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Inzirt:


Processing cotton starts traditionally by women, at home. The women buy unprocessed cotton from local market. Then, they separate it from the seed using equipment called "Mabazecha". The cotton will now be ready to the process of making thread out of it. There is equipment used for this purpose, which is called 'Inzirt'. The threads prepared in this way are transferred on small bamboo sticks with hollow stem called "Kesem". Then a number of the kesems will be sent to a weaver or Shemane in Amharic. The Shemane will make a fabric "Shema" in Amharic out of it. Actually, the Shema produced from threads produced in this way is used for making "Gabi". Gabi is a traditional thick cloth, which is used like blanket.

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