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Ethiopian Calendar

Ethiopian Calendar

Ethiopian Calendar

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Prior to the invention of a systematic calendar, people had to establish their dates yearly, based on astronomical  studies.


These days, there are two kinds of calendars: solar and lunar calendars. Ethiopian calendar is calculated on the basis of the solar movement and is one of the solar calendars.


Ethiopian calendar is different from other calendar not only in the number of years, but also in many other ways. This includes observing Christmas, celebration of the New Year, division of the year in to seasons and months, and the system of counting hours.

The Ethiopian calendar celebrates New Year on Meskerem1, September 11/12 to venerate a number of biblical events. One is the receding of the great storm during the time of Noah. The Ethiopian New Year also honors the transition from heavy rainy season to the bright one.


Each Ethiopian year is divided into four seasons and 13 months (12 months  consisting of 30 days and the 13th  month, Paugmen, comprising five days or six on the leap year. Each year has 365 days or 366 days once in four years.


Each Ethiopian week is divided into seven days.


The Ethiopian Calendar divides each 24-hour period into 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of night. The day begins at dawn and the night at dusk. Ethiopian mid day and mid night fall at the western 12 AM and 12 PM respectively.


The Third Ethiopian Millenium has been celebrated throughtout the country and abroad with varios activites. The even is also recognized by African Union as an African Millenium.

 
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